Au Nigeria, plus de 60 % des
décès et près de 90 % des
maladies recensés parmi les
populations du Delta sont dus à
un manque d’eau potable.
Dans une région où l’on compte
pourtant plusieurs sources
naturelles, les activités
pétrolières ont pollué toutes
les ressources disponibles,
rendant ainsi l’eau impropre à
Pour tenter d'enrayer ce
phénomène et pour permettre à la
population d’avoir accès à l’eau
potable, la Commission pour le
Développement du Delta du Niger
(NDDC) a lancé environ cent
vingt projets en huit ans, mais
Pour un ingénieur travaillant
pour le gouvernement nigérian,
interrogé par le quotidien
les problèmes sont d’ordre
structurels et institutionnels
tant que des changements en la
matière n’interviendront pas, le
système d’alimentation en eau
potable dans le Delta du Niger
ne pourra pas être amélioré ».
Niger Delta residents
die from unsafe water
of access to safe water is a major source of poor
health for millions of residents of Nigeria’s Niger
Delta region, a NEXT investigation has shown.
Majority of the citizens of the area affirm one of
their most critical needs is safe drinking water.
health officials say water accounts for an estimated
80 per cent of all diseases and one-third of all
deaths in the developing world. In the Niger Delta
area, where the natural water sources have been
polluted by oil production activities, they estimate
that water could account for over 60 per cent of all
deaths in the oil communities, and some 90 per cent
of all diseases there.
Although the oil region is largely riverine, oil
production activities appeared to have polluted the
region’s natural water sources, making them
increasingly unsafe for human consumption.
the administration of Olusegun Obasanjo, the Federal
Government reportedly set aside N10.6 billion for
1,330 new water supply schemes, with the intention
of providing additional 8.14 million people with
potable water across the country. Thus, one of the
priorities of the Niger Delta Development Commission
(NDDC), a federal government interventionist agency
in the region, has been the provision of safepotable
120 of the 806 projects undertaken by the agency
since 2000 is recorded as water projects.
are delivered with standby generators and purpose-built
generator house, water treatment facility as well as
service quarters,” the Agency said.
the projects did not reach most communities, and
even those it reached complained that they are not
civil society organisations, including the Niger
Delta Wetlands Centre, have recently stepped into
Coordinator of Stakeholder Democracy Network (SDN),
Gaia Sprocati, said in an e-mail interview that a
recently completed solar water project in Kaiama,
designed around a deep borehole (well), has a
capacity to pump 10,000 gallons of water per day.
project is intended to bust a number of myths, such
as the assertion that regions with low cloud cover
are not suitable for solar, and provide a working
model for others to learn from,” Mr. Sprocati said.
said the impetus for the project was the hundreds of
failed, diesel-powered water projects dotted across
the Niger Delta region that generally have
functioned for a year or less before failure and
get top quality drinking water, they had to bore to
850feet and make a number of careful decisions on
design and integration of components,” he said.
“However, these challenges have meant that the
Wetlands Centre now has the answers to a wide range
of questions that arise when trying to design
technically sustainable systems for the region.”
water engineer with the Rivers State government,
speaking on condition of anonymity, said population
growth is faster than water supply development, thus
resulting in deteriorating coverage of the service.
said the existing system of safe water supply in the
Niger Delta cannot be scaled up without first making
structural and institutional changes, something he
said declining budgetary allocation has made hard to