Retour à : Plan du site - Entrée de MétéoPolitique - Environnement - Fiche Le pétrole - Déversements par années

Moteur de recherche en page d'accueil de MétéoPolitique

Principaux déversements et fuites de pétrole en
2000
  1 litre d'hydrocarbures pollue 1 million de litres d'eau 
 Selon les firmes spécialisées dans le domaine, avec la meilleure technologie disponible
il est impossible de ramasser plus de 10% du pétrole déversé.

Compilation non exhaustive pour ceux et celles qui croient que le risque est peu fréquent, minime et sans conséquence pour la chaîne alimentaire des humains et pour ceux et celles qui ont à combattre la vision mercantiliste à l'extrême d'une industrie loin d'être propre dans tous les sens du terme

Vers 2001

Vers les déversements et la pollution en continu

Vers 1999

Date

 

Infrastructure
de transport.
Pavillon et/ou propriétaire / Affréteur

Lieu

Tonnage déversé/Conséquences

 
January  4 -            TURKEY - Fuel oil blackened kilometers of Istanbul's coast  along            the Bosporus after a Russian-registered tanker split apart in  the strait            that cuts through Istanbul. About 900 tons of fuel oil had  spilled before            it stopped pouring out of the Volganeft 248, and oil could be  seen along            five kilometers of the coast. Turkey is trying to reduce oil  tanker            traffic in the strait, through which about 440 million barrels  of oil            are transported each year. Some 200 accidents over the last  decade in            the strait have caused oil spills and fires that sometimes  shut down            the strait.

January  18 -            BRASIL - At least 130,000 gallons of crude oil spewed out  of a broken            pipeline, polluting beaches and endangering plant and animal  life in            what authorities called the worst ecological disaster to hit  Rio de            Janeiro state in a decade. The oil covered at least three  miles of coastline,            affecting at least two beaches and a mangrove swamp rich in  animal and            plant species.

January  24 -            UNITED ARAB EMIRATES - The Honduran-flagged cargo vessel  Al Jazya            1 sank 4 miles east of Abu Dhabi's coast, laden with 980 tons  of fuel            oil. The tanker sank in bad weather, leaving an oil spill of  around            2000 feet by 400 feet. The Federal Environmental Agency said  it is still            too early to assess the extent of damage caused by the slick  on marine            life and birds.

February  2 -            BOLIVIA - A flash flood broke a crude oil pipeline,  spilling hundreds            of barrels of oil into the Desaguadero River that flows into  Lake Poopo,            the government reported. The pipeline is operated by  Transredes, which            sent several experts to help contain the oil and assess the  damage it            is causing to a river inhabited by pink flamingoes and other  birds.            The oil spill had reached Aymara Indian communities located  dozens of            miles downriver, and is expected to reach Lake Poopo shortly.

February  2 -            PHILIPPINES - After running aground on January 24th on the  coast            of Sual town in Lingayen Gulf, the Singapore-owned vessel MV  Nol Schedar            was suspected to have left behind an oil slick after she was  floated            on February 2nd. The spill was later said to have destroyed  2,700 metres            of coral reefs and other marine resources, and the case is  pending in            court.

February  7 -            BRAZIL - Brazilian authorities scrambled to avert an  environmental            disaster in the Amazon jungle, after a barge holding nearly  500,000            gallons (1.8 million liters) of oil sunk to the bottom of the  world's            largest river network. "Environmental advisers are working  alongside            diving teams to prevent ecological damage," said Mauricio  Andres Ribeiro            at Brazil's environment ministry.

April  1 - INDONESIA - About 160.000 kilolitres of crude oil leaked out from the  tanker "King            Fisher", after it hit a reef while approaching the Pertamina  port in            Cilacapan, at the Southern coast of Central Java. One thousand  people            are involved in cleaning up more than 25 km of shoreline,  including            popular tourist areas.

April  7 - UNITED            STATES - Some 111,000 gallons of oil spilled near Pepco's  Chalk            Point Generating Station, affecting shorelines of the Patuxent  River            in southern Maryland. Some 6 1/2 miles of oil containment  booms were            positioned in the river and at the entrance to several creeks,  and an            estimated 80,000 gallons of spilled oil were recovered in  24-hour-a-day            operations since the leak occurred.

June  23 - SOUTH            AFRICA - Environmentalists were scrambling to rescue  thousands of            jackass penguins from an oil spill off Cape Town, just six  years after            the population was devastated by a similar disaster. The oil  spill began            when the bulk carrier Treasure carrying some 1,400 tonnes of  oil sank            off the coast of Cape Town. The spill is washing straight into  Robben            Island, home to about 5,700 pairs of jackass penguins.

July  6th - UNITED            STATES - 14.000 gallons of oil has spilled from a  collision between            a barge and a tug that was towing it, off Middletown, Rhode  Island.            A ban on fishing is in effect in one of the most fertile areas  of Narragansett            Bay, and it's only been four years since the worst oil spill  in Rhode            Island history, when 828-thousand gallons spilled, killing  more than            ten (m) million lobsters and prompting a ban on fishing for  five months.

July  16th - BRAZIL - The country is suffering one of its worst oil spills  ever, as            more than 1 million gallons of crude has leaked from a  refinery into            a river near the southern city of Curitiba. State-run oil  company Petrobras            said a pipe broke, spewing oil for up to two hours into the  Barigui            River, a tributary of the Iguacu River, 390 miles upstream  from Iguacu            Falls, a major tourist attraction. Television images showed a  completely            blackened river winding through the countryside.

July  25th - BRAZIL - A large oil slick again spread over Rio's postcard-famous  Guanabara            Bay on Tuesday, the third oil spill there this year. The slick  was broken            up in patches across an area of more than 20 square miles,  environmentalists            said. It washed up on beaches within the bay, and stretched  out into            the open sea.

August  1 - CANADA - Residents of the town of Chetwynd were told to conserve  water            , as officials surveyed the damage from a massive oil spill  into a pristine            river in northern British Columbia. Chetwynd stopped pumping  water from            the Pine River as the first traces of the estimated 264,600  gallons            (one million liters ) of crude oil spilled in a pipeline break  on Tuesday            reached the community of about 3,000 people. The heavy oil had  also            begun killing some of the river's fish, which are a key food  supply            for eagles and other wildlife in the region.

August  8 - UNITED            STATES - U.S. Coast Guard investigators boarded ships in  Miami and            Port Everglades, trying to determine which crew dumped oil off  the South            Florida coast, creating the area's worst oil spill in at least  a decade.            The oil contaminated 15 miles of beach, and all beaches along  the 15-mile            stretch were closed when the oil was discovered. Some  endangered and            threatened sea turtles are about to hatch, and oily debris  block their            path to the ocean.

September  2 -            MALAYSIA - A major cleanup is underway following an oil  spill from            a sunken Chinese cargo ship at Tanjung Po anchorage point at  the Sarawak            River mouth. The ill-fated 5,000 ton Kingston registered  vessel Double            Brave was loaded with about 116 tons of diesel oil when it  sank after            a collision with a barge being towed by a tugboat. About 60  workers            from the Marine Department, Department of Environment, and the  Kuching            Port Authority had been helping in the clean-up operation.

September  4 -            GREECE - Greek authorities raced against time to prevent  an environmental            disaster, following a fuel oil spill from a sunken cargo ship  off a            popular stretch of tourist beaches northeast of Athens. Miles  of coastline            was threatened by the spill, which came from the  Cambodian-registered            cement carrier Eurobulker X. The 35,264 dwt vessel broke in  half a week            earlier, while loading cement at Lefkandi port, central  Greece. It was            the second spill inside a week, following a smaller spill from  a grounded            freighter off the island of Kythira.

September  14            - UNITED STATES - Wind and high waves spread a  30,000-gallon oil            spill across Sandy Hook Bay, thwarting efforts to contain and  clean            up the mess. An overnight storm upset booms that had been set  out to            contain the fuel, which spilled when a tugboat put a 4-foot  gash in            a Navy ship, the USS Detroit. Navy Cmdr. Chuck Caudill said  the oil            was so dispersed that Navy skimmers could not pick up  measurable amounts.            The spill is one of the largest ever in the bay, and the state  has banned            harvesting of shellfish in the area until further notice.

October  2 - SWEDEN - Swedish environmentalists are warning that an oil spill  could harm            seals in the Baltic Sea's Gotska Sandoen national park, as  park rangers            discovered an oil belt about 12 miles long. Big lumps of oil  had covered            about 90 percent of the beaches of Gotska Sandoen, an island  about 60            miles off the southeastern coast of Sweden. The Swedish coast  guard            was investigating the source of the spill, and it was not  known how            many gallons of oil spilled.

October  4 - INDONESIA - An estimated 7.000 tons of oil has been spilled in  Indonesian waters            off the Batu Berhanti Beacon, after a Panama registered  tanker, Natuna            Sea, ran aground damaging 4 of its cargo tanks. An oil boom of  300 m            length has been deployed around the tanker, but this could not  prevent            the oil from escaping in a South-westerly direction. Some  patches of            the oil have since reached Singapore, and clean-up actions  have, amongst            others, commenced on the beaches of Sentosa, Singapore's  famous tourist            resort.

November  4th            - BRAZIL - Brazil's state oil giant Petrobras, criticized  for a            string of spills this year, suffered another leak when a  tanker dumped            13,200 gallons of crude near a popular beach resort area,  local media            said. The accident caused a slick measuring some 492 feet, and  posed            a risk for the region's bustling beach resorts nearby.
 

November  14th            - HONG KONG - Some 230 cubic metres of heavy oil leaked  into the            sea north of Hongkong's Lantau Island, after a small Chinese  oil freighter            collided with a Norwegian vessel
and sank. The oil slick covering an area of 10,000 square  metres, and            some had reached the 12-sq-km Sha Chau marine park, a dolphin  sanctuary.

November 28th - UNITED STATES - A tanker spilled half a  million            gallons of crude oil into the Mississippi River, closing a  busy shipping            route for 26 miles and threatening wildlife. No injuries were  reported,            but some pelicans and other animals were found covered with  oil. The            area is home to pelicans, shorebirds, seabirds, crabs, shrimp  and sport            fish, as well as more than 100,000 wintering waterfowl. The  567,000-gallon            spill is the largest in U.S. waters since the Exxon Valdez in  March            1989.

 

December  15th            - NORWAY - A Norwegian freighter runs aground off the city  of Haugesund,            spilling some 100 tonnes of fuel oil which immediately hit the  nearby            coastlines. Heavy weather tempers the initial response  actions, but            reports say some 70 tonnes have since been recovered by means  of using            oil skimmers. The authorities are contemplating to have the  remaining            300 tonnes of oil removed from the ship, to prevent the risk  of further            pollution. Meanwhile, several thousand metres of oil booms  have been            deployed for containment and protection.

 

     

25 décembre 2000

Le vraquier Coral Bulker, enregistré à Hong Kong et en provenance de Tallinn (Estonie), est au mouillage. À 23h, le navire heurte une digue du port et s'échoue. Sa cale est gravement endommagée et le réservoir tribord n°4 ainsi que la salle des machines sont inondés. Propriétaire du navire: Alderran Shipping.

Estuaire du fleuve Lima. Viana do Castelo. Portugal.

Déversement de 630 tonnes de fioul lourd plus 70 tonnes de gazole qui polluent les plages situées dans les zones au nord et au sud du port.

28 novembre 2000

 

Les moteurs du pétrolier Westchester, se sont arrêté et il échoua. La bateau est enregistré aux Bahamas et propriété d'une compagnie Libérienne la Marine Oil Trader 3 Ltd. et n'a pas de double coque. L'opérateur du bateau est : une compagnie de Grèce, Ermis Maritime Corp.

Fleuve Mississipp, près de Port Sulphur à 42 miles du Sud Oueet de la Nouvelle Orléans. État de la Louisiane. États-Unis

Le navire déversa 567,000 gallons de pétrole brut. Cela en fait le plus gros déversement depuis le désastre du Exxon Valdez en mars 1989. La pollution s'étend sur 26 miles.

30 octobre 2000

Le chimiquier italier " Ievoli Sun" sombre malgré qu'il fut pris en remorque par le remorqueur Abeille flandre.

À 9 milles au nord des Casquets

Déversement de 6 000 tonnes de produits chimiques et hydrocarbures.

3 octobre 2000

 

Le pétrolier Natuna Sea naviguant sous pavillon indien s'échoue après avoir heurté un récif.
 

Dans le détroit de Malacca. Île de Batu Berhanti Beacon détroit de Singapour. Indonésie.

Une déchirure dans la coque du navire laisse déversé 7 000 tonnes de pétrole brut. Le Nile Blend est un brut particulièrement visqueux au comportement mal connu. Des nappes de pétrole polluent une plage touristique de Singapour et des portions de littoral de l'Île indonésienne de Batam.

8 septembre 2000

 

Le vraquier Eurobulker IV affichant un pavillon de Saint-Vincent et Les Grenadines, s'échoue sur un récif. Après quelques jours il casse en deux. Le propriétaire est Ilias Shipping.échouement.

Porto Vesme Italie.

Déversement de 17 000 tonnes de charbon (4829 tonnes sont récupérés) plus 170 tonnes de fioul de soute.

26 juin 2000

 

Vraquier Treasure subie une avarie Il navigue sous pavillon Panaméen et est la propriété de Good Faith Shipping.

Près de l'île du pénitencier de Robben. Baie du Cap. Afrique du Sud.

Déversement de 1000 tonnes de fioul de propulsion. C’est une catastrophe pour la faune: 20 000 manchots du Cap résident sur l’île, représentant 35% de la population mondiale de cette espèce.

23 janvier 2000

 

Lors du remorquage d'une plate-forme de forage ayant un moteur défaillant, le navire a déchiré un oléoduc sous-marin de 24 pouces propriété de Equilon Pipeline Co., avec un câble d'ancre,

Dans le Golfe du Mexique, État de la Louisiane. États-Unis

Déversement de 2 240 baril (94 000 gallons) de pétrole brut. Le panache de pollution était de 7 miles de long et 2 miles de large.

The Lubbock Avalanche-Journal: Louisiana oil spill not posing a threat

18 janvier 2000

 

Rupture d'un oléoduc propriété de la société d'État Petrobas.

Dans la Guanabara Bay. Près de Rio de Janeiro. Brésil.

Déversement de 343,200 gallons de pétrole brut.

10 janvier 2000

 

Déversement de l'oléoduc Plantation Pipeline de la compagnie du même nom.

Accotink Creek tributaire de la rivière Potomac. Newington, Virginia. États-Unis

Déversement d'environ 100 barils (4200 gallons) de pétrole (jet fuel). Un milieu humide a été touché

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Oil Spill Program Update, Vol. 3, No. 4, July 2000, p. 10.

         
       

On January 21, a Chevron pipeline leaked from a welding flaw near Corinne, Utah, spilling about 100 barrels of diesel fuel. The product spread over 38 acres of salt flat and wetlands used by birds. About 75% to 80% of the spill was intentionally burned to eliminate it.[3][4]

On January 27, in Winchester, Kentucky, a Marathon Oil pipeline accident released about 490,000 US gallons (1,900,000 L) of crude oil. NTSB investigators found a dent on the bottom of the pipe in the rupture area. Marathon spent about $7.1 million in response to the accident.[7][8]

On February 5, a pipeline failed and spilled over 192,000 US gallons (730,000 L) of crude oil in the John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge in Pennsylvania. The source of the spill was a break in a miter bend in the pipe, which was estimated to be at least 50 years old.[9][10]

An Explorer petroleum products pipeline failed in Greenville, Texas, on March 9. The 28-inch pipeline ruptured and released 13,436 barrels (2,136.2 m3) of gasoline. The released gasoline eventually reached East Caddo Creek. The banks of the tributary and creek contained the escaping gasoline as it flowed away from the ruptured pipe. The probable cause of the pipeline failure was corrosion-fatigue cracking that initiated at the edge of the longitudinal seam weld at a likely preexisting weld defect. Contributing to the failure was the loss of pipe coating integrity.[11]

A pipeline released fuel oil at Chalk Point near Aquasco, Maryland, on April 7. The Piney Point Oil Pipeline system, which was owned by the Potomac Electric Power Company (Pepco), experienced a pipe failure at the Chalk Point Generating Station in southeastern Prince George's County, Maryland. The release was not discovered and addressed by the contract operating company, Support Terminal Services, Inc., until the late afternoon. Approximately 140,400 US gallons (531,000 L) of fuel oil were released into the surrounding wetlands and Swanson Creek and, subsequently, the Patuxent River as a result of the accident. No injuries were caused by the accident, which cost approximately $71 million for environmental response and clean-up operations.[12]

A Colonial Pipeline Co. line failed near Greensboro, North Carolina on May 19. At least 714 gallons (17 barrels) of kerosene spilled, some of which entered a pond that flows into a tributary of the East Fork Deep River. The kerosene spill caused a sheen about 40 feet by 40 feet in the pond. As a result of this, and 6 other previous Colonial Pipeline accidents, the EPA fined Colonial $34 million in 2003.[13]

On June 7, a stopple fitting weld failed on a Wolverine Pipeline Company line, causing a rupture releasing 75,000 US gallons (280,000 L) of gasoline into the environment, and causing the evacuation of more than 500 homes in Blackman Charter Township, Michigan. The failure caused the shutdown of 30% of Michigan's gasoline supplies for nine days, contaminated a creek which flows into the Grand River, and a railroad track near the failure site was shut down for a week. Later tests found 715 anomalies in this pipeline. Wolverine later agreed to pay for switching homes in the area from local water wells to a city water source.[14][15]

On July 5, two boats hit a Southern Natural Gas pipeline off the coast of Plaquemines, Louisiana, causing a gas fire that burned 5 members of the boat crews. The fire could be seen at 35 miles away from it.[16][17]

On August 19, a 30-inch diameter El Paso Natural Gas pipeline rupture and fire near Carlsbad, New Mexico killed 12 members of an extended family camping over 600 feet (180 m) from the rupture point. The force of the escaping gas created a 51-foot (16 m)-wide crater about 113 feet (34 m) along the pipe. A 49-foot (15 m) section of the pipe was ejected from the crater, in three pieces measuring approximately 3 feet (0.91 m), 20 feet (6.1 m), and 26 feet (7.9 m) in length. The largest piece of pipe was found about 287 feet (87 m) northwest of the crater. The cause of the failure was determined to be severe internal corrosion of that pipeline. On July 26, 2007, a USDOJ Consent Decree was later entered into by the pipeline owner to do pipeline system upgrades to allow better internal pipeline inspections. [18][19][20]

On August 20, a gas pipeline exploded & burned in Concord, North Carolina. A nearby shopping mall was evacuated, but, there were no injuries.[21]

On August 24, a 6-inch pipeline operated by Chevron failed from alleged external corrosion, spilling 126,000 gallons of crude oil into an unnamed creek, near Snyder, Texas. The creek was dry at the time. Later, a Federal Court ruled that the Clean Water Act did not apply, since there was no water flowing in the creek at the time.[22][23]

For the second time in 24 hours, a state contractor building a noise wall along the I-475 in Toledo, Ohio struck an underground pipeline, and for a second time the contractor blamed faulty pipeline mapping for the accident. In this incident, the pipe was a 6-inch gas pipeline. The crew was digging a hole with an auger for a noise-wall support on September 8, when it hit the underground pipe less than 500 meters from the previous day's incident.

A bulldozer ruptured a 12-inch diameter NGL pipeline on Rt. 36 south of Abilene, Texas on September 7. An Abilene police detective, with 21 years of service, was severely burned when the vapors ignited, and later died. Nearby, a woman saved herself by going underwater in her swimming pool. Her house was destroyed by the explosion and fire. The owner of the pipeline, ExxonMobil, was later fined by the Texas Railroad Commission for the pipeline not being marked.[24][25][26][27]

On November 3, a front end loader punctured an 8-inch pipeline carrying diesel fuel in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Diesel fuel sprayed 40 feet (12 m) into the air. The fuel flowed for over 2 hours before stopping, and contaminating the area with more than 40,000 US gallons (150,000 L) of diesel fuel.[28]

 

 

Navire Swordsman

Archipelle d'Hawaii. États-Unis.

 

Vers 2001

Vers le choix des années à consulter

Vers les déversements et pollution en continu

Vers 1999

Retour à : Plan du site - Entrée de MétéoPolitique - Environnement - Fiche Le pétrole - Déversements par années - Haut de page